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Malta Geography
 
 
 

General

Malta lies in the central Mediterranean Sea, 93km (58mi) south of Sicily and 290km (180mi) from the nearest point of the North African mainland.

There are three main islands - Malta, Gozo to the northwest, and Comino between them - as well as two small uninhabited islands, Cominotto and Filfla. Extending for 45km (28mi) southeast to northwest, and 13km (8mi) northeast to southwest, Malta's total area is 316 sq km (122 sq mi) - Malta, 245.7 sq km (94.9 sq mi); Gozo, 67.1 sq km (25.9 sq mi); Comino, 2.8 sq km (1.1 sq mi). Comparatively, the area occupied by Malta is slightly less than twice the size of Washington, D.C. The total coastline is 252.81km (157mi).

Malta's capital city, Valletta, is located on the east coast of the island of Malta.

The islands of Malta are a rocky formation (chiefly limestone) rising from east to northeast to a height of 240 m (786 ft), with clefts that form deep harbours, bays, creeks and rocky coves.

The climate is typically Mediterranean, with fairly hot, dry summers and rainy, mild winters. The average winter temperature is 9°C (48°F); the average summer temperature, 31°C (88°F). Rainfall occurs mostly between November and January and averages about 56 cm (22 in) per year.

Overview

Location
Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

Geographic coordinates
35 50 N, 14 35 E

Map references
Europe

Area
total: 316 sq km
land: 316 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
0 km

Coastline
196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

Maritime claims
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm

Climate
Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain
mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs


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